THE IMPACT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION TOWARDS SELF-EMPLOYMENT INTENTION AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Keywords:entrepreneurship education, industrial revolution, self-employment, economy
It is platitude that entrepreneurship education presents students with knowledge and motivation that will encourage entrepreneurial success and increase self-employment. Presently, it is glaring to note that nations of the world wishes to promote its entrepreneurial sector for a vibrant and robust economy. The reason is because entrepreneurship education can provide opportunities if earnest properly through good education and orientation, using the invention and development of new products and services leading to the motivation of self-employment among the students. The major aim of this work is to enhance entrepreneurship education towards cultivating the intention of self-employment among university students. By so doing, meta analytic research approach will be made use of to exhaustively identify all relevant studies that meet the established criteria in existing literatures and desk research. The findings of this study show that training programs in university curriculum are able to enhance entrepreneurship education towards self-employment and it’s becoming a new trend in developing economy to achieve the aim of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The current research recommends supportive business environment, new institutional mechanism and incentives for seed capital funding while its limitations are lack of basic skills, capital and contacts. Hence, this study will highlight that entrepreneurship education will address financial bottleneck encountered by entrepreneurs.
Abdul Latif, N.M.S., Jamaluddin, H., Jamil, M.Y., Nuruddin, N., Sarmidy, R., Buyong, S.Z., Ahmad, Z. (1996): Kajian Kekesanan Ko-Kurikulum. – KEMUSA. Available on:
Anderson, A.R., Starnawska, M. (2008): Research practices in entrepreneurship: problems of definition, description and meaning. – The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation 9(4): 221-230.
Audretsch, D.B., Keilbach, M. (2007): The theory of knowledge spillover entrepreneurship. – Journal of Management Studies 44(7): 1242-1254.
Bahrin, M.A.K., Othman, M.F., Azli, N.N., Talib, M.F. (2016): Industry 4.0: A review on industrial automation and robotic. – Jurnal Teknologi 78(6-13): 137-143.
Cantillon, R. (1755): An Essay on Commerce in General. – History of Economic Thought Books 188p.
Carter, S., Collinson, E. (1999): Entrepreneurship education: Alumni perceptions of the role of higher education institutions. – Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 6(3): 229-239.
Galloway, L., Brown, W. (2002): Entrepreneurship education at university: a driver in the creation of high growth firms? – Education+Training 44(8/9): 398-405.
Hamidon, S. (2014). The development of Malay entrepreneurship in Malaysia. – ITBM 210p.
Henderson, R., Robertson, M. (2000): Who wants to be an entrepreneur? Young adult attitudes to entrepreneurship as a career. – Career Development International 5(6): 279-287.
Hisrich, R.D., Peters, M.P., Shepherd, D.A. (2002): Entrepreneurship. – McGraw-Hill 624p.
Hytti, U., O’Gorman, C. (2004): What is “enterprise education”? An analysis of the objectives and methods of enterprise education programmes in four European countries. – Education+Training 46(1): 11-23.
Katz, J.A. (2003): The chronology and intellectual trajectory of American entrepreneurship education: 1876–1999. – Journal of business venturing 18(2): 283-300.
Kistner, U. (2015): Trading in freedom: rethinking conspicuous consumption in post-apartheid political economy. – Critical Arts 29(2): 240-259.
Klapper, R. (2004): Government goals and entrepreneurship education–an investigation at a Grande Ecole in France. – Education+Training 46(3): 127-137.
Kourilsky, M.L., Walstad, W.B. (1998): Entrepreneurship and female youth: Knowledge, attitudes, gender differences, and educational practices. – Journal of Business venturing 13(1): 77-88.
Kolvereid, L., Moen, Ø. (1997): Entrepreneurship among business graduates: does a major in entrepreneurship make a difference? – Journal of European industrial training 21(4): 154-160.
Kroon, J., Meyer, S. (2001): The role of entrepreneurship education in career expectations of students. – South African Journal of Higher Education 15(1): 47-53.
Ładyga, E. (2015): Entrepreneurship as a basis of self-management on the way to career. – Polish Journal of Management Studies 12(1): 87-95.
Long, W. (1983): The meaning of entrepreneurship. – American Journal of small business 8(2): 47-59.
Ozaralli, N., Rivenburgh, N.K. (2016): Entrepreneurial intention: antecedents to entrepreneurial behavior in the USA and Turkey. – Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research 6(1): 32p.
Rahim, H.L., Kadir, M.A.B.A., Abidin, Z.Z., Junid, J., Kamaruddin, L.M., Lajin, N.F.M., Bakri, A.A. (2015): Entrepreneurship education in Malaysia: A critical review. – Journal of Technology Management and Business 2(2): 1-11.
Robinson, P., Haynes, M. (1991): Entrepreneurship education in America's major universities. – Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 15(3): 41-52.
Ronstadt, R., Vesper, K.H., McMullan, W.E. (1988): Entrepreneurship: Today courses, tomorrow degrees? – Entrepreneurship theory and practice 13(1): 7-13.
Sexton, D.L., Bowman, N.B. (1984): Entrepreneurship education: suggestions for increasing effectiveness. – Journal of Small Business Management (pre-1986) 22(000002): 18p.
Shane, S., Venkataraman, S. (2000): The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. – Academy of Management Review 25(1): 217-226.
Solomon, G.T., Duffy, S., Tarabishy, A. (2002): The state of entrepreneurship education in the United States: A nationwide survey and analysis. – International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education 1(1): 65-86.
Stevenson, L., Lundström, A. (2001): Patterns and trends in entrepreneurship/SME policy and practice in ten economies. – Vällingby, Sweden: Elanders Gotab 3: 32p.
Stevenson, L., Lundström, A. (2007): Dressing the emperor: the fabric of entrepreneurship policy. – Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurship Policy 35p.
Yusoff, M.N.H.B., Zainol, F.A., Ibrahim, M.D.B. (2014): Entrepreneurship education in Malaysia’s public institutions of higher learning-A review of the current practices. – International Education Studies 8(1): 17p.