AL-QURAN LEARNING MODEL FOR SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING
Keywords:self-directed learning model, Tadabbur, reading comprehension, Nazm al-Quran, coherent structure
The focus of the SALaM (Self-directed al-Quran Learning Model) is to provide a conducive platform for al-Quran readers to perform tadabbur or self-study of al-Quran involving mainly reading comprehension process of al-Quran. The development of the model is divided into two main stages involving the development of a coherent structure of al-Quran contents as a whole. The second stage is the development of the model itself. The first stage is developed based on the formalization of the Nazm al-Quran principle proposed by Farahi and Islahi. The model itself is based on the implementation of reading comprehension strategies based on two main reading comprehension theories namely the Construction-Integration theory of Kintsch and Constructionist model of Graesser. A learner evaluation on the application of the model was done to assess the perception of learners using the SALaM. This stage was implemented by utilizing a Likert scale-based questionnaire to 39 learners who follows several sessions of the al-Quran walkthrough sessions which implemented the SALaM model. The study further focuses on the learning aspect of al-Quran rather than the tafsir methodology of al-Quran, therefore we described it as the ulum ta’alim al-Quran (Science of learning al-Quran) aspect, not the traditional ‘ulum al-Quran (science of exegesis of al-Quran). The assessment of SALaM model application yielded a favorable acceptance of al-Quran learners. Most 39 respondents (about 96.9%) found that the use of the main theme (‘amud) is very helpful in the comprehension of al-Quran. In conclusion, the model has provided significant help in the reading comprehension process of al-Quran and is very potential to provide the platform or basis for self-learning al-Quran in general.
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