IMPACT OF CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS ON LEARNING OUTCOME: A REVIEW OF RESEARCHERS’ FINDINGS

Authors

  • MAK JOON KONG Department of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • LIM SEONG PEK Department of Education and Social Sciences, Universiti Selangor, Selangor, Malaysia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55197/qjssh.v4i6.297

Keywords:

meta-analysis, academic levels, critical thinking skills, learning outcomes

Abstract

This paper investigates the findings of seven researchers on the learning outcomes of their research on Critical Thinking skills. Meta-analysis of data gathered from the seven researchers formed the basis of this study. The purpose of applying this approach is to gather diverse views and opinions from diverse participants. This helps to establish a hypothesis and encourages procedures for further studies. This research emphasises the exposure to critical thinking skills that have generated various learning outcomes among students in various academic environments. It also seeks to differentiate whether an effect is present in a study and determine whether it is positive or negative. The varied, diverse approaches of the researchers provided rich data for analysis. The seven researchers were able to elaborate on their respective findings. Upon comparing the various findings, the results appeared to vary on the impact of critical thinking on learning. But analysis of these findings revealed that exposure to critical thinking generally positively impacted learning. Research findings have thus shown a common trend that the teaching of critical thinking skills has an impact on learning. However, problems such as the academic levels of international students or the lack of facilities in rural areas did contribute to the outcomes.

References

Abrami, P.C., Bernard, R.M., Borokhovski, E., Waddington, D.I., Wade, C.A., Persson, T. (2015): Strategies for teaching students to think critically: A meta-analysis. – Review of Educational Research 85(2): 275-314.

Baki, N.U., Rafik-Galea, S., Nimehchisalem, V. (2016): Malaysian Rural ESL Students' Critical Thinking Literacy Level: A Case Study. – International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies 4(4): 71-80.

Butler, H.A., Pentoney, C., Bong, M.P. (2017): Predicting real-world outcomes: Critical thinking ability is a better predictor of life decisions than intelligence. – Thinking Skills and Creativity 25: 38-46.

Changwong, K., Sukkamart, A., Sisan, B. (2018): Critical thinking skill development: Analysis of a new learning management model for Thai high schools. – Journal of International Studies, 11(2): 37-48.

Eigenauer, J. D. (2015): Teaching Critical Thinking Dispositions. – University of Texas at Austin 37(11): 2p.

Elder, L., Paul, R. (2020): Critical thinking: Tools for taking charge of your learning and your life. – Foundation for Critical Thinking 459p.

Facione, P.A. (2011): Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts. – Insight Assessment 1(1): 1-23.

Gandimathi, A., Zarei, N. (2018): The impact of critical thinking on learning English language. – Asian Journal of Social Science Research 1(2): 25-35.

Giancarlo, C.A., Blohm, S.W., Urdan, T. (2004): Assessing secondary students’ disposition toward critical thinking: Development of the California Measure of Mental Motivation. – Educational and Psychological Measurement 64(2): 347-364.

Holmes, N.G., Wieman, C.E., Bonn, D. (2015): Teaching critical thinking. – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112(36): 11199-11204.

Itmeizeh, M., Hassan, A. (2020): New approaches to teaching critical thinking skills through a new EFL curriculum. – International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation 24(07): 8864-8880.

Pearl, A.O., Rayner, G.M., Larson, I., Orlando, L. (2019): Thinking about critical thinking: An industry perspective. – Industry and Higher Education 33(2): 116-126.

Rezaei, S., Derakhshan, A., Bagherkazemi, M. (2011): Critical thinking in language education. – Journal of Language Teaching and Research 2(4): 769-777.

Saputri, W., Corebima, A. D., Susilo, H., Suwono, H. (2019): QASEE: A Potential Learning Model to Improve the Critical Thinking Skills of Pre-Service Teachers with Different Academic Abilities. – European Journal of Educational Research 9(2): 853-864.

Sedaghat, M., Rahmani, S. (2011): A review of approaches to teaching thinking: appropriate approach for Iran education system. – Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 30: 1037-1042.

Shaheen, N. (2016): International students’ critical thinking–related problem areas: UK university teachers’ perspectives. – Journal of Research in International Education 15(1): 18-31.

Sobkowiak, P. (2016): Critical thinking in the intercultural context: Investigating EFL textbooks. – Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching 6(4): 697-716.

Tsui, L. (2008): Cultivating critical thinking: Insights from an elite liberal arts college. – The Journal of General Education 56(3-4): 200-227.

Yanning, D. (2017): Teaching and assessing critical thinking in second language writing: An infusion approach. – Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics 40(4): 431-451.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-12

How to Cite

KONG, M. J., & PEK, L. S. (2023). IMPACT OF CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS ON LEARNING OUTCOME: A REVIEW OF RESEARCHERS’ FINDINGS. Quantum Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 4(6), 28–36. https://doi.org/10.55197/qjssh.v4i6.297

Issue

Section

Articles