• NURWENI SAPTAWURYANDARI Research Center for Language, Literature, and Community, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • ROHIM Research Center for Manuscript, Literature, and Oral Tradition, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • ASEP SUPRIADI Research Center for Manuscript, Literature, and Oral Tradition, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Jakarta, Indonesia.



globalization, identity, popular culture, short stories, cultural values


Globalization that sweeps the world is feared to erode the identity and culture of the nation. It is suspected that globalization also causes popular culture to break through mass media, both digital, print, and written, even though popular culture tends to be hedonistic, pragmatic, and consumptive. Therefore, this study aims to uncover how literary works can anticipate popular culture. The method used is descriptive qualitative studies and literature studies juxtaposed with Sapardi Djoko Damono's theory of literary sociology and Storey's view that cultural texts not only reflect the reality of the times but also produce history and are part of various historical processes and practices. This research step is taken employing data collection, data processing, and data analysis. Data collection was obtained through literature studies in the form of literature from various sources, including the short stories Nafas by Boim Lebon, Pulang Ke Kotamu by Hilman Hariwijaya, and Corel by Gola Gong. The three short stories show that popular culture has permeated the lives of millennials, in the form of attitudes, behaviors, and lifestyles. Popular culture can be minimized by instilling local cultural values, multicultural education, and filtering foreign cultures to solidify the nation's cultural identity becomes solid.


Adebiyi, A., Bodunde, H., Popoola, T. (2022): Language in Culture and Culture in Language: The Intertwine. – Jounral of Culture Society and Develompent 67: 50-60.

Ashirova, Z., Zholdasbekova, S., Konakbayeva, U., Akhmet, L. (2022): Educating a Student's Legal Culture: A New Approach to Developing A Learning Model. – European Journal of Contemporary Education 11(3): 696-706.

Bond, E. (2022): Looking sideways to Italy in contemporary world literature. – Italian Culture 40(2): 95-111.

Classen, A. (2021): Globalism before Globalism: The Alexander Legend in Medieval Literature (Priest Lambrecht’s Account as a Pathway to Early Global Perspectives). – Esboços: Histórias Em Contextos Globais 28(49): 813-833.

CohenMiller, A., Durrani, N., Kataeva, Z., Makhmetova, Z. (2022): Conducting focus groups in multicultural educational contexts: Lessons learned and methodological insights. – International Journal of Qualitative Methods 21: 10p.

Damono, S.D. (2020): Sosiologi Sastra. – Gramedia Pustaka Utama 192p.

De Oliveira Campos, R. M. (2020): Juventude E Culturas De Rua Hibridas. – Sociologia & Antropologia 10(2): 587-613.

Dewojati, C. (2021): Sastra Populer Indonesia. – UGM PRESS 124p.

Elkad-Lehman, I., Poyas, Y. (2020): Emotions while reading literature in multicultural groups. – L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature 20: 1-21.

Fiske, J. (2010): Understanding popular culture. – Routledge 232p.

Fox, R. (2020): Pop Culture as Argument and Aspiration. – Bijdragen tot de taal-, land-en volkenkunde/Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia 176(1): 1-5.

Ganghariya, G., Kanozia, R. (2020): Proliferation of Hallyu wave and Korean popular culture across the world: A systematic literature review from 2000-2019. – Journal of Content, Community & Communication 11(6): 177-207.

Goris, M.B., Lopes, I.S., Verschoor, G., Behagel, J., Botelho, M.I. (2021): Popular education, youth and peasant agroecology in Brazil. – Journal of Rural Studies 87: 12-22.

Gramedia Pustaka Utama (2004): Kumpulan Cerita Pendek: Kupu-Kupu Tak Berkepak. – Jakarta: Gramedia 207p.

Isam, H., Abd Mutalib, M., Yaakub, Y., Mansor, M. (2022): Remaja dan Media: Penyerlahan ‘Suara Remaja’Berdasarkan Isu dan Penggunaan Bahasa. – Jurnal Komunikasi Jilid 38(1): 43-58.

Istiqomah, A., Widiyanto, D. (2020): Ancaman budaya pop (pop culture) terhadap penguatan identitas nasional masyarakat urban. – Jurnal Kalacakra: Ilmu Sosial dan Pendidikan 1(1): 47-54.

Karsono, S. (2021): Flâneur, Popular Culture and Urban Modernity: An Intellectual History of New Order Jakarta. – Asian Studies Review 45(2): 345-363.

Kiminami, C.A., Duggan, M. (2022): Locative media communities, social media and cultures of enthusiasm. – International Journal of Performance Arts and Digital Media 18(3): 357-373.

Kompasiana Web Portal (2021): Identitas Nasional. – Kompasiana Web Portal 6p.

Leporati, M., Jacklosky, R. (2021): Peeling The Onion: Pop culture satire in the writing classroom. In Isn't it Ironic? – Routledge 18p.

Long, N.T., Van Son, P. (2022): Awareness of Cultural Approach in Engineering Teaching by Lecturers: A Literature Review. – International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy 12(1): 21-32.

Lunkin, R.N., Filatov, S.B. (2020): International Relations and the War of Anti-Traditionalism with Identity. – Mirovaia Ekonomika i Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniia 64(4): 5-14.

Mahfud, M. (2018): MEMBANGUN JATI DIRI BANGSA: Globalisasi sebagai Tantangan dan Pancasila sebagai Imperatif Solusi. – Sabda: Jurnal Kajian Kebudayaan 13(2): 145-153.

Malinowski, W.M. (2021): Fryderyk Chopin w literaturze francuskiej: od figury romantycznej do ikony popkultury. – Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Literacka 41: 199-226.

Malmkjaer, K. (2009): The Routledge linguistics encyclopedia. – Routledge 762p.

Matytsin, A.M. (2022): Enlightenment and erudition: writing cultural history at the académie des inscriptions. – Modern Intellectual History 19(2): 323-348.

Moody, A. (2020): English in Asian popular culture. – The handbook of Asian Englishes 23p.

Nurgiyantoro, B. (2018): Teori pengkajian fiksi. – UGM Press 499p.

Oktaviani, R.C., Ichwan, F.N. (2018): Urban toys as a new alternative media to promote Indonesian culture. – Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication 34(4): 303-318.

Ong, P.A.L. (2022): Critical multiculturalism and countering cultural hegemony with children's literature. – Waikato Journal of Education 27(1): 51-65.

Ratna, N.K. (2004): Teori, Metode Dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. – Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar 407p.

Rotolo, M. (2022): Culture beneath discourse: A conceptual model for analyzing nondeclarative cultural knowledge. – American Journal of Cultural Sociology 10(3): 432-460.

Sintia, U.R., Mustofa, A., Pamungkas, S. (2020): Budaya Populer Dalam Novel Tulang Rusuk Karya Indra Widjaya. – Prakerta: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra Dan Pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia, 3: 530-539.

Storey, J., Nurdin, D. (2003): Teori budaya dan budaya pop: memetakan lanskap konseptual cultural studies. – Qalam 311p.

Świetlicki, M., Świtała, S.W. (2022): Breaking Down Taboos: LGBTQ+Themes in Contemporary Polish Children's and Young Adult Literature. – Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature 60(1): 16-24.

Talbot, D. (2022): From ‘Our Island Story’to ‘Citizens of Nowhere’: Culture, Identity and English Literature. – Changing English 29(3): 285-296.

Trismanto, T. (2019): Sastra Populer Dan Masalah Kehidupan Bangsa. – In Seminar Nasional Menduniakan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia 7p.

Ubaldo, R., Hintjens, H. (2020): Rwandan music-makers negotiate shared cultural identities after genocide: the case of Orchestre Impala’s revival. – Cultural Studies 34(6): 925-958.

Urmina, I.A., Onuchina, K.K., Irza, N.D., Korsakova, I.A., Chernikov, I.A. (2022): Intermedial Postmodernism in Art: Concepts and Cultural Practices. – Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 14(2): 15p.

Yadav, K., Kalia, N. (2022): LGBT Themes in Children’s Media and Literature: Mirroring the Contemporary Culture and Society. – Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 14(2): 11p.

Zainuddin, N.A., Ravichandran, V., Rahman, R.A., Yusof, Z.M. (2022): The Influence of Social Media on University Students' Self-Esteem. – Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 30(3): 1037-1048.




How to Cite