AGING POPULATION TREND IN THE STATE OF PERAK, MALAYSIA
Keywords:senior citizen, trend, aging, Perak, Malaysia
Malaysia will be one of the old countries by 2030. Aging population occurs when the percentage of the elderly population exceeds the percentage of the young population in an area, state or country. In Malaysia, 6.73 percent of Malaysia's population is comprised of people who are mostly in the age of 65 years and above. However, the year 2020 has shown that the state of Perak has become an old state. The percentage contribution from the population aged 65 years and above is higher in Perak, than Malaysia, with the percentage of 11.9 percent of elderly population in 2020. The main objective in this writing is to analyze the aging trends of the population in Perak and to examine the issues and effects of aging population. This study has used secondary data collection methods, namely data from the Department of Statistics Malaysia (JPM), United Nations and other related articles. Perak has become the third eldely state, after Johor and Selangor in 2020. However, due to this escalation, several issues have arisen such as the needs for financial resources to accommodate the elderly, rising health costs of the elderly and labor shortages. Thus, this situation will cause some serious effects on the national economy and also directly on the individuals.
Alavi, K., Subhi, N., Mohamad, M.S., Ibrahim, F., Sarnon, N., Nen, S. (2015): Peranan Kesejahteraan Keluarga dan Daya Tahan dalam Pengukuhan Keluarga Sandwich (The Role of Family Wellbeing and Resilience in Strengthening Sandwich Families). – Akademika 85(1): 25-32.
Ananta, A., Arifin, E.N. (2009): Older Persons in Southeast Asia: From Liability to Asset. – In Older Persons in Southeast Asia, ISEAS Publishing 43p.
Armugam, T.C., Vellymalay, S.K.N. (2017): DORONGAN PENEMPATAN DAN KESELESAAN DIRI WARGA TUA DI RUMAH SERI KENANGAN (RSK), TAIPING, PERAK. – e-BANGI 12(1): 90-110.
Department of Statistic Malaysia (2020): Population of the state of Perak. – Department of Statistics Malaysia Official Portal. Available on:
Harun, J. (2011): Asal-usul Raja, negeri dan adat istiadat Kesultanan Perak: Beberapa variasi dalam pengekalan dan penyimpangan sumber tradisi. – International Journal of the Malay World and Civilisation 29(1): 3-35.
Ismail, N.S.A., Abdullah, N., Hassan, K., Samsudin, S., Zakuan, U.A.A., Yusof, R., Zaki, N.M. (2017): Kesejahteraan hidup warga emas: Perancangan berasaskan gender (Well-being among the elderly: Gender-based planning). – Geografia-Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 13(3): 75-85.
Ishak, M.H., Sujak, N.A. (2019): Key Performance Indicators of Spaces That Affect Occupational Health in Malaysian Adult Care Centers. – Journal of Tropical Facilities Management 1(1): 8-15.
Khoo, E.M., Tan, H.M., Low, W.Y. (2008): Erectile dysfunction and comorbidities in aging men: An urban cross‐sectional study in Malaysia. – The Journal of Sexual Medicine 5(12): 2925-2934.
Marican, S. (2006): Kaedah penyelidikan sains sosial. – Prentice Hall/Pearson Malaysia 279p.
Mayan, S.N.A., Nor, R.B.M., Samat, N. (2017): Challenges to the Household Income Class B40 increase in Developed Country Towards 2020 Case Study: Penang. – International Journal of Environment, Society and Space 5(2): 35-41.
Mohamed, A., Rostam, K. (2012): The Malay elderly at the fringe of metropolitan region, Selangor: experience and perception of self. – Geografia: Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 8: 1-14.
Ngah, F.H., Lian, D. K.C. (2017): Kualiti Hidup dan Aktiviti Fizikal Warga Emas (Quality of Life and Physical Activity in Elderly). – Geografia-Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 13(2): 44-53.
Osman, U.A.N., Ismail, R. (2018): The Factors Influencing the Level of Well-being among Elderly in Selangor. – Management Research Journal 7(1): 146-156.
Prime Minister Department (2014): Tenth Malaysia Plan (10th MP). – Economic Planning Unit Official Portal, Prime Minister Department. Available on:
United Nations (2019): World Population Ageing 2019. – Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations 46p.
Wallace, W.H.B., Kelsey, T.W. (2010): Human ovarian reserve from conception to the menopause. – PloS One 5(1): 9p.
Waldron, H. (2007): Trends in mortality differentials and life expectancy for male social security-covered workers, by socioeconomic status. Social Security Bulletin 67(3): 28p.
Rajikal, W. (2020): Sumbangan social warga emas terhadap komuniti setempat pasca persaraan. – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 13p.
World Health Organization (WHO) (2015): World Report on Ageing and Health. – World Health Organization 260p.