AGING POPULATION TREND IN THE STATE OF PERAK, MALAYSIA

Authors

  • ABDUL AZIZ MARZUKI School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.
  • NIK NORLIATI FITRI MD NOR School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.
  • SITI MASAYU ROSLIAH ABDUL RASHID School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Keywords:

senior citizen, trend, aging, Perak, Malaysia

Abstract

Malaysia will be one of the old countries by 2030. Aging population occurs when the percentage of the elderly population exceeds the percentage of the young population in an area, state or country. In Malaysia, 6.73 percent of Malaysia's population is comprised of people who are mostly in the age of 65 years and above. However, the year 2020 has shown that the state of Perak has become an old state. The percentage contribution from the population aged 65 years and above is higher in Perak, than Malaysia, with the percentage of 11.9 percent of elderly population in 2020. The main objective in this writing is to analyze the aging trends of the population in Perak and to examine the issues and effects of aging population. This study has used secondary data collection methods, namely data from the Department of Statistics Malaysia (JPM), United Nations and other related articles. Perak has become the third eldely state, after Johor and Selangor in 2020. However, due to this escalation, several issues have arisen such as the needs for financial resources to accommodate the elderly, rising health costs of the elderly and labor shortages. Thus, this situation will cause some serious effects on the national economy and also directly on the individuals.

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Published

2021-08-21

How to Cite

MARZUKI, A. A., MD NOR, N. N. F., & RASHID, S. M. R. A. (2021). AGING POPULATION TREND IN THE STATE OF PERAK, MALAYSIA. Quantum Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(5), 1–9. Retrieved from https://qjssh.com/index.php/qjssh/article/view/82

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