KUALA MUDA HISTORICAL SITE IN FULFILL REQUIREMENT OF TOURISM INDUSTRY IN KEDAH

Authors

  • MOHD AMIN ALI Jabatan Pembangunan Masyarakat, Majlis Perbadanan Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia.
  • MOHD HASFARISHAM ABD HALIM Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
  • SHYEH SAHIBUL KARAMAH MASNAN Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
  • MOHD MOKHTAR SAIDIN Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Keywords:

survey, mapping, historical tourism, iconic tourism, byproduct tourism, Kuala Muda district

Abstract

Archaeological research in the district of Kuala Muda since the 1980s until now have enabled several historical sites to be identified and studies conducted to complete the historical chronology that has occurred in this district. As a result, 52 archeological sites of early civilizations and 26 historical sites have been successfully classified, identified and developed such as the Sungai Batu Archaeological Complex, Pengkalan Bujang Archaeological Complex and Bukit Batu Pahat Archaeological Complex. Due to the need for the development of the district tourism sector, there are seven tourism packages such as Package 1: Pusat Interpretasi Pelancongan Kuala Muda (PIPKM), Package 2: Puncak Jerai, Package 3: Rekreasi Air Terjun Kuala Muda, Package 4: Mineral Kuala Muda, Package 5: Kedah Tua, Package 6: Bakau Sungai Merbok and Package 7: Galeri Tsunami dan Pasar Bisik were established to strengthen the tourism sector in Kuala Muda district with the Kuala Muda Tourism Interpretation Center (PIPKM) being made a one-stop tourism center for the district.

References

Ahmad, N. (2016): Kajian Arkeologi Di Tapak SB1R, SB1S, SB1T, SB1U, SB1V dan SB1Z Di Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 304p.

Ahmat, S. (1954): Kedah-Tradition and Change in Malay State: A Study of The Economic and Political Development: 1778-1923. – Jurnal Of Malayan Branch Royal Asiatic Society (JMBRAS) 12p.

Aminuddin, S.A. (2015): Kajian Arkeologi Di Tapak SB1M dan SB1N, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 208p.

Andah, B.W. (1981): West Africa Before The Seventh Century. – DALAM: Mokhtar, G. (ed). General History of Africa II, Ancient Civilizations of Africa, Heinemann, California, UNESCO, International Scientific Committee For The Drafting Of A General History Of Africa, University Of California Press 26p.

Department of Irrigation and Drainage (DID) (2014): Sungai Merbok @ Sungai Pasir: JPS Kuala Muda/Sik/Baling/Sungai Petani, Kedah Darul Aman. – Department of Irrigation and Drainage Official Portal. Available on:

https://www.slideserve.com/banyan/jps-kuala-muda-sik-baling-sungai-petani-kedah-darul-aman

Grayson, M., Martinec, R. (2004): Consumer Perceptions of Iconicity and Indexicality and Their Influence on Assessments of Authentic Market Offerings. – Journal of Consumer Research 31(2): 296-313.

Halim, M.H.A. (2019): Sumbangan Kajian Di Tapak SB1Y, SB2G, SB2J dan SB2ZZ, Kepada Bukti Seni Bina Pelabuhan Di Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 55p.

Halim, M.H.A., Saidin, M. (2019): Keistimewaan dan Keunikan Seni Bina Jeti dan Pelabuhan Kompleks Sungai Batu. – DALAM: Suresh Narayanan, Nasha Rodziadi Khaw dan Mokhtar Saidin (eds). Arkeologi Kedah Tua: Sumbangan Data Terkini Dari Perspektif Warisan, Seni & Budaya, Seminar Arkeologi Kebangsaan 4 “Memperkasa Kearifan Arkeologi Malaysia dan Serantau”, Penerbit Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 18p.

Halim, M.H.A. (2014): Ekskavasi Tapak Senibina Jeti SB2E, SB1H, SB1J, SB1K dan SB1L, Di Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 425p.

Hamid, S.A. (2020): Laporan Awal Tapak SB1ZT, Kompleks Arkeologi Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 16p.

Hassan, Z. (2018): Tapak SB1B Sungai Batu, Kedah Malaysia: Pertaliannya Kepada Sejarah Senibina dan Sosio-Budaya Tanah Besar Asia Tenggara. – Jurnal persatuan Muzium Malaysia (PURBA) 37: 20-43.

Hergoualc'h, M.J. (1992): La civilisation de ports-entrepôts du Sud Kedah (Malaysia): Ve-XIVe siècle. – L'Harmattan 354p.

Holt, D.B. (2004): What Becomes An Icon Most? – Harvard Business Review 81(3): 43-49.

Houston, S.D. (1998): Function and Meaning in Classic Maya Architecture. – Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection 562p.

Hoyland, R.G., Gilmour, B. (2006): Medieval Islamic Sword and Swordmaking. – Gibb Memorial Truss 200p.

I-Tsing (1896): A Record of The Buddhist Religion as Practised In India and The Malay Archipelago (A.D. 671-695). – The Clarendon Press, Oxford 240p.

Jenkins, O. (2003): Photography and Travel Brochures: The Circle Of Representation. – Tourism Geographies 5(3): 305-328.

Komoo, I., Said, M.Z. (2019): Jerai Geopark. – DALAM: Mokhtar Saidin dan Ibrahim Komoo (eds). Jerai Geopark Warisan Geologi, Geoarkeologi dan Biologi. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang 18p.

Mohamed, S.N.S., Hassan, Z., Saidin, M. (2019): Nilai Keunggulan Sejagat Tapak Ritual Di Kompleks Sungai Batu. – DALAM: Suresh Narayanan, Nasha Rodziadi Khaw dan Mokhtar Saidin (eds). Arkeologi Kedah Tua: Sumbangan Data Terkini Dari Perspektif Warisan, Seni & Budaya, Seminar Arkeologi Kebangsaan 4 “Memperkasa Kearifan Arkeologi Malaysia dan Serantau”, Penerbit Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 12p.

Mohamed, S.N.S. (2014): Ekskavasi Tapak SB1C, SB1D, SB1E dan SB1F, Di Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 294p.

Mokhtar, N.A.M. (2019): Kajian Industri Peleburan Besi di Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang Daripada Perspektif Arkeometalurgi. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 343p.

Mokhtar, N.A.M., Saidin, M. (2019): Nilai Keunggulan Sejagat (OUV) Industri Besi Kompleks Sungai Batu. – DALAM: Suresh Narayanan, Nasha Rodziadi Khaw dan Mokhtar Saidin (eds). Arkeologi Kedah Tua: Sumbangan Data Terkini Dari Perspektif Warisan, Seni & Budaya, Seminar Arkeologi Kebangsaan 4 “Memperkasa Kearifan Arkeologi Malaysia dan Serantau”, Penerbit Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 9p.

Mokhtar, N.A.M. (2012): Ekskavasi Tapak Peleburan Besi SB2A, Sungai Batu, lembah Bujang. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 278p.

Molinka, N. (2013): Teknologi Peleburan Besi Di Tapak SB2C, Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah: Abad Ke-8 Hingga Ke-11 Masihi. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 220p.

Munoz, P.M. (2006): Early Kingdoms of The Indonesian Archipelago and The Malay Peninsula. – Didier Millet 392p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013a): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2K, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 7p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013b): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2L, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 8p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013c): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2M, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 9p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013d): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2N, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 8p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013e): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2P, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 7p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013f): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2Q, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 10p.

Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global (2013g): Laporan Ekskavasi Tapak SB2R, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 7p.

Qin, D., Xiang, K. (2011): Sri Vijaya as the Entrepôt for Circum-Indian Ocean Trade. Evidence from Documentary Records and Materials from Shipwrecks of the 9th-10th Centuries. – Indian Ocean Studies 46/47: 308-336.

Rahman, N.H.S.N.A., Zakaria, K. (1993): Recent Archaeological Discoveries In Sungai Mas, Kuala Muda, Kedah. – Journal Of Malayan Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society 66(2): 73-80.

Rahman, N.H.S.N.A., Yatim, O.M. (1992): Warisan Lembah Bujang. – Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 129p.

Rahman, N.H.S.N.A. (1984): Art, Archaeology and The Early Kingdoms In The Malay Peninsula and Sumatra: c. 400-1400 AD. – University of London 653p.

Rapi, R.Q.M., Saidin, M. (2019): Keistimewaan Struktur Seni Bina Pengurusan Pelabuhan Kompleks Sungai Batu. – DALAM: Suresh Narayanan, Nasha Rodziadi Khaw dan Mokhtar Saidin (eds). Arkeologi Kedah Tua: Sumbangan Data Terkini Dari Perspektif Warisan, Seni & Budaya, Seminar Arkeologi Kebangsaan 4 “Memperkasa Kearifan Arkeologi Malaysia dan Serantau”, Penerbit Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 12p.

Saidi, M. (2016): Kedah Tua Kingdom: New Evidence From Sungai Batu Complex. – Kertas Kerja Yang Dibentangkan Di Kedah Tua International Conference. Available on:

https://arkeologi.usm.my/index.php/en/info-gateway/news/61-kedah-tua-civilisation-at-sungai-batu-to-be-nominated-as-a-unesco-heritage

Saidin, M., Saad, N.S., Abdullah, N. (2019): Warisan Geoarkeologi. – DALAM: Mokhtar Saidin dan Ibrahim Komoo (eds). Jerai Geopark Warisan Geologi, Geoarkeologi dan Biologi. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia 47p.

Thilakavathy, M. (2019): SANGAM TAMILS: With Special Reference to Pattinapalai. – MJP Publishers 122p.

Wales, Q.H.G. (1940): Archaeological Research On Ancient Indian Colonization In Malaya. – Journal of The Malayan Branch of The Royal Asiatic Society 18(1): 87p.

Yusof, S. (2016): Ekskavasi Tapak Monumen SB1P, SB1Q, SB1W dan SB1X Di Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 218p.

Zakaria, I.I. (2020): Laporan Awal Tapak SB1ZX, Kompleks Arkeologi Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang, Kedah. Pusat Penyelidikan Arkeologi Global, Universiti Sains Malaysia 10p.

Zakaria, I.I. (2014): Kajian Arkeologi Di Tapak Jeti SB2B dan SB2D, Kompleks Sungai Batu, Lembah Bujang. – Universiti Sains Malaysia 268p.

Downloads

Published

2021-08-21

How to Cite

ALI, M. A., ABD HALIM, M. H., MASNAN, S. S. K., & SAIDIN, M. M. (2021). KUALA MUDA HISTORICAL SITE IN FULFILL REQUIREMENT OF TOURISM INDUSTRY IN KEDAH. Quantum Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(5), 10–28. Retrieved from https://qjssh.com/index.php/qjssh/article/view/92

Issue

Section

Articles