AN ANALYSIS OF POPULATION COMPOSITION AND TRENDS IN SELANGOR FROM 1970 TO 2000
Keywords:demography, population growth, ArcGIS, Selangor, issues
Selangor's demography changed between 1970 and 2000 as a result of population growth. This study used data from cencuses and reports to assess Selangor's demographic structure, population growth, and challenges caused by population expansion during this timeframe. The purpose of this study was to assess the demographic composition and population change pattern in Selangor from 1970 to 2000, as well as to analyse the reasons that caused population growth patterns and difficulties induced by population expansion. By using ArcGIS, the demographic maps were generated to provide an overview of the population change over this study period. The outcomes of this study indicated changes in demographic characteristics throughout time, such as total population, age structure of the population, gender ratio, ethnic groups of the population, population distribution, urban population distribution, population growth pattern by district and total net migrant for Selangor. As a result, changes in population structure caused long-term consequences, such as a lack of land resources, a scarcity of natural resources, increased pollution, an increase in the elderly population, a population ratio imbalance, and an increase in crime rates. Between 1970 and 2000, the population of Selangor changed in terms of composition and growth patterns. These changes happened as a consequence of natural factors and migration as a result of rapid socioeconomic expansion during this time period. This situation contributes to the state's population growth. These issues made state planning more challenging.
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