UNDERSTANDING EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION OF FAIRNESS AT WORKPLACE: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY
Keywords:organizational justice, distributive justice, procedural justice, interactional justice, workplace fairness
This is a pioneering study in India. The study investigated the employee perception of fairness as a total concept at the workplaces of a multiple public and private organizations of Delhi national capital region, selected by convenience sampling method. The employee perception of fairness or the organizational justice scenario was studied and compared in public and private sector organizations. The study used two methods to determine the sample size: Krejcie and Morgan’s sample size selection table and Cochran’s formula for sample size calculation. Some 400 mid-managerial level employees from both public and private sectors participated in the study. In addition to 8 questions on demographic factors, the structured survey questionnaire of 20 questions a renowned scholar of justice studies was administered to collect the data from the respondents. To ensure reliability of the data for analysis, Cronbach alpha value was calculated of the individual items on the questionnaire and the scores were above the tolerance level. The data analysis was done on SPSS 25.0 version. The analysis found positive employee perception of fairness in both the sectors. The result found was inconsistent with our hypothesis of negative perception keeping the grim scenario of the workplaces in view. The inconsistent result led to some new insights emerging from the study. The researcher observed job insecurity, pessimism, and high discreet behaviour of the respondents particularly in the private sector. In public sector, the respondents were noticed to be indifferent and there was no consensus in their views.
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